An Introduction to Carbon Black

Carbon Black, Industry, What We Do
Dec | 21 | 2016

Carbon black is a colloidal form of elemental carbon that’s produced as a result of the thermal decomposition or incomplete combustion of heavy hydrocarbons.

An Introduction to Carbon Black

The furnace black process is the most widely used method for producing carbon black. It involves blowing feedstock oil into a specially designed reactor with internal temperatures of 2700°–3500° F. When the feedstock enters the reactor, it partially combusts to produce carbon black and tailgas. The contents of the reactor are then cooled so carbon black can be collected and processed. In addition to high yield, the furnace black process is advantageous because it allows for relatively good control over the properties of the final product, including its grade, geometry, and size.

Carbon Black

In 2014, nearly 12 million tons of carbon black was produced worldwide, the majority of which was used in tire manufacturing operations (source: Grand View Research, Inc). It is often added to rubber as a filler and reinforcing agent. In tire production, it is commonly used for inner liners, treads, and sidewalls.

It also possesses good electrical conductivity, making it useful in applications where dissipation of static is critical. In addition, it exhibits high UV resistance, and because of this, it has become increasingly used as a component for plastics production.

According to a recent report released by Grand View Research, Inc., the global demand for carbon black is expected to reach 16.40 million tons by 2022. Primary drivers of growth will include increasing automotive sales and the subsequent rise in tire production, along with a greater need for specialty plastics.

 

Honiron designs and fabricates equipment for carbon black manufacturing processes, including heat exchangers, dryers, scrubbers, bag filters, and gas chambers. For more information or to speak with one of our qualified experts, contact us today.

HONIRON MANUFACTURING

Honiron Manufacturing is a global manufacturing solutions provider of industrial process equipment serving the sugar, oil and gas, petrochemical, carbon black, and food processing industries. Combining operational expertise, single-source capabilities and proven processes, we provide innovative, high-value manufacturing solutions that meet our client’s operational challenges - safely, efficiently, and cost-effectively.

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